Our Optometrist in Lynwood Can Help You Manage Diabetic Retinopathy
If you have diabetes, our optometrist in Lynwood at Faro Optometry highly recommends that you keep up with your appointments with an eye doctor. The reason being is that people with diabetes can suffer from a sight stealing disease known as diabetic retinopathy. This condition can lead to blindness if the blood sugar levels are not under control. Read the information below to understand why diabetic retinopathy is a serious disease and what an optometrist can do to help.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that is caused by diabetes, reduces vision, and affects the eye’s retina, which is a thin tissue in the back of the eye that receives and converts light into signals for the brain to process as images. When the sugar levels in the blood are high due to diabetes, the blood vessels in the retina will either prevent blood flow or swell and leak blood. In an attempt to repair the damage done, the eyes will grow new blood vessels, but these typically become abnormal, meaning more blood will leak.
Eye exams are vital for anyone who has diabetes because in many cases of diabetic retinopathy, symptoms are not obvious in the early stages. They only become noticeable when a person with diabetes experience fluctuating vision, blurry vision, sudden vision loss, floaters within line of sight, or impaired color perception.
The 4 Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy
- Stage 1- Mild Nonproliferative Retinopathy: At this stage, tiny blood vessels in the retina begin to swell up.
- Stage 2- Moderate Nonproliferative Retinopathy: Blood flow in the blood vessels is blocked, and the retina does not get its supply that it needs to function well.
- Stage 3- Severe Nonproliferative Retinopathy: More blood supply is blocked off, triggering the retina to signal for new blood vessels to be created.
- Stage 4- Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR): New blood vessels are grown, but they are abnormal and fragile, leaking blood in the eye and causing vision loss.
Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy
The best treatment for diabetic retinopathy is making sure that your blood sugar levels are at a healthy level. That means following recommendations from your doctor and seeing an optometrist every couple of months to ensure your diabetes is not damaging your vision. If your diabetic retinopathy is severely affecting your vision, laser treatments, anti-VEGF drugs, or eye surgery may be needed.
Contact Our Optometrist in Lynwood Today
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that should not be taken lightly. If you are experiencing any symptoms of it, contact us right away. We can help you manage diabetic retinopathy. Call Faro Optometry in Lynwood at 310-844-7961 today.